The Best Way to Organize Your Computer Files

The Best Way to Organize Your Computer Files

– If your desktop looks like this, then you and I need to have a chat. And well even if not, you’re
gonna wanna stick around for this video because remember when I said my paper
file organization video was the most exciting video
you were ever going to watch? Well, that is a thing of the past because everyone knows
that everything gets cooler when it makes the transition
from analog to digital. So buckle your seatbelts once again, because this week, we are
talking about how to organize and systematized the files
within your computer. So organizing your computer
files is simultaneously easier and harder than organizing
your paper real world files. It’s easier because computer
files don’t weigh anything, they don’t take up any physical space, so they can’t really
create a mess on your desk or in your living space. But it’s harder number one, because well, we were never taught how
to organize computer files. I don’t know about you, but I remember being an
elementary school, middle school and having teachers tell me to put things in separate folders, to have a Trapper Keeper,
all that kind of stuff. But when it came to my computer files, no one was ever around to teach me how to organize my folder structure, where I should save things,
all that kind of good stuff. And secondly, we create
much more on the computer than we do in the real world these days. We have so many different
documents, pictures, music files, so it can easily get
out of hand much quicker than it can in the real world. And for that reason, I think it is crucial to create
a usable logical structure from the get go with your computer files. This is much more important
than it is in paper files because, well, in the real world, there just isn’t a whole
lot to have to reorganize if you realize that you’ve made a mess. But if your computer is a mess, you might have hundreds of
files sitting on your desktop. So step one is to create
an organizational structure of folders that makes it easy to find anything you’re
looking for quickly. And there’s a couple different rules here. Number one, every single file in your
system should be within a folder that represents it
well, a specific folder. Nothing should be sitting
out on the desktop, and nothing should be
sitting in random folders, like Documents or Downloads. Everything should be in
something that makes sense. But number two, you wanna have a structure that makes it easy to find
those folders themselves. Now, you could just have
one long list of folders on one particular level of your system, but that’s gonna make things pretty cumbersome, pretty quick. So instead, you wanna follow in the steps of that great philosopher, King Xzibit, and start putting folders
inside of folders. I call this a tree structure. If you think of a tree at the
bottom, you have the trunk, and then that trunk
eventually branches off into main branches which in turn branch into smaller branches. And that splitting process keeps going on and on until you reach the leaves. And actually if you
look closely at a leaf, you’ll see that the branching
process even continues with vein splitting off from the midrib. Bet you didn’t think you’re gonna some tree anatomy in this video, huh? And if you look elsewhere, you’ll find the structure
replicated both in nature and in manmade systems. Take your body’s circulatory
system for example, all the blood goes through
arteries from the heart. But from there, it splits off into smaller and smaller blood vessels until it finally reaches
the smallest of them, the capillaries and gets delivered to the exact right place in the body. And road systems are very similar. Any two points in a city separated by a lot of distance are
going to be best reached by first making your way
to a highway or freeway or main road and then
branching off into smaller and smaller residential road. And just as the branching
paths of trees, blood vessels and road systems provide
the most efficient way of moving resources around, a tree structure provides
the most efficient and usable way of organizing your files. So the first thing
you’re gonna wanna do is to create this tree structure, which starts with what’s called the root. Essentially the trunk of the tree. And in my file system,
which I’m gonna show you for the rest of this video as an example, the root is called Google Drive. And the reason for this is
that I use Google Drive, which actually just recently
changed its name to Google One, to sync all my files up to the cloud and between all my different computers. But we’re gonna talk about
that a little bit later. Within the root, I think
it makes the most sense to organize your main files
by kind of the main categories of your life or as I like
to call them life buckets. So the buckets of my life include College, College Info Geek, Learning,
for learning projects, My Life, which is all my
personal files, like taxes, and apartment files, things like that. Now, I do want to note that
this is not the only way of organizing your file tree. And that is something
that could be repeated for every single level of the file tree. In fact, if you go look at the datacurator
filetree project on GitHub, you will see that the top level of their suggested file tree
actually has folders split up by media type, audio files, documents, literature, video, etc. Personally, I like to keep anything that isn’t a document in
a specific media folder within my file system. And that brings me to kind
of the main point here. Your file system should be expandable, it should be flexible, it should maintain its
logic when it does expand. But most of all, it
should represent the way that your brain organizes files. Assuming you are the only person who’s going to be you using this folder, because I know a lot of
you guys are gonna go into the professional world,
start working in companies and start using shared directories. So with your own file system, you can kinda query your
brain a little bit more often, but with shared directories, you’re probably gonna wanna adhere to some agreed upon rules and conventions. So I wanna go over just a couple of here. First one is organizing by category, which is exactly what I’m
doing in that main folder, in my file tree, and it’s the structure that I adhere to for
most sub folders as well. To give an example, let’s go into my College Info Geek folder. This is where basically any file related to my business goes,
whether it’s LLC paperwork, or the thumbnail for this video. So once we drill into that folder, we’re gonna see some folders
like Business, Content, Courses, Projects, Speaking and Tools. And within the Content folder
to go a little bit deeper, we’re gonna see other folders
like Articles, Email List, Graphics, Podcasts, and Videos. And with this structure, it is easy to find pretty much anything that I need really, really quickly. And just to give you an example, I’m gonna throw the path of a random file onto the screen right here so you can see the
logical sequence of steps that I would take to get to it. And again, it’s very
easy to find this file and pretty much anything else. That being said, organizing by category isn’t the only way you can organize your files. And you’re gonna get
into certain sub-folders where it makes sense to adopt
a different structure such as organizing by date. And I find this particular
structure to be very useful when the files that I’m
trying to organize would fill so many different category based folders that would end up with a huge long list. And a great example is my college classes. During my college career, I
took over 40 different classes. And well I could just shove every single class folder
into my college folder, that would be kinda messy, I’d be looking at a list
of 40 different folders every time I needed to
go save or open a file. And most importantly, during
every single semester, I would go into that college folder and I would see a bunch
of very irrelevant folders from previous semesters. So instead of just organizing by category, I instead created another
level of organization by splitting things up by year. So I’ve got Freshman,
Sophomore, Junior, and Senior. If we go into say, Sophomore, we’re gonna see all the classes I took during my sophomore year. Then once we drill into
a class based folders, such as English 313, we’re
gonna see all the files that had to do with that class, but also project specific folders as well. So if you have a project,
but lots of different files, I think it absolutely makes sense to group those files
into their own folder. But anything that’s kinda
like an individual handout for the class, just keep
that in the class folder, and you’ll be able to easily find it as long as you name it intelligently. And speaking of naming your files, that is actually step two in this process, which is honestly an ongoing process, ’cause you’re always
gonna be naming files. But I do wanna talk a little bit about how you should name your files. And we don’t have to talk a lot here because the main principle is that your files should be
named relatively specifically. You should be able to know at a glance what it means within the context of its location in your file tree. And I make this point
because there are a lot of other productivity gurus and organizational gurus out there who have these overly complex
file naming conventions. They’re putting the
date in their file name, they’re putting, like every
bit of context they can. And honestly, I think
this is a waste of time, because as long as you are being vigilant about where you’re saving your
files in your file system, then each file really only needs
a little bit of specificity for you to know at a glance what it is. So obviously, don’t name your
homework, just homework.docx or paper.docx. Give it a name that at
least jogs your memory as to what it should be, but don’t worry about being
overly specific either. And that brings us to
step three in the process, which I referenced earlier in the video, I think that you should
absolutely use a Cloud Sync app, like Google One slash Google Drive as the root of your file tree. So if you don’t know
what a Cloud Sync app is, basically, it’s an app
like Dropbox, Google One, Microsoft OneDrive, iCloud Drive, there are some other
ones out there as well. They basically sit on your computer, and they upload anything
within the sync folder to the cloud, and then sync
it to any other computers that you have as well. And using an app like this gives you several different benefits. Number one, all of your
files are kept up to date across your entire system. So if you make a change
to a Photoshop document or a Word document on one computer, that change will be dutifully
synced up to the cloud, and to any other computer that you have. Secondly, you have access to
your files, wherever you are. You got access on your laptop,
you got access on your phone, I’m actually reading the script for this video off of this bone right now. Even have access on any
computer in the world as long as you can log into your Google or your Dropbox account
and download those files. So that brings us to a question, which Cloud Sync app should
you use, which one is the best? Well, I’m gonna go ahead and recommend Google One for most people. Now there are a lot of
competitors out there again, Microsoft One Drive, Box,
sync Dropbox, iCloud Drive, but I think Google One makes
the most sense, number one, because they give you 15
gigabytes of free space, which is much more than
any other competitor. And I think that unless
you’re a content creator or photographer or graphic designer, you’re gonna take a long time to fill up that 15 gigabytes of free space. So that just keeps you from
having to spend a whole lot of money right up front. Secondly, if you do need more space, with a competitor like Dropbox, you have to immediately go
up to their two terabyte plan for 10 bucks a month. Whereas with Google One or Google Drive, or whatever you wanna call it, it’s just $2 a month for 100 gigabytes. And again, I really don’t
think most people need a whole lot more than 100 gigabytes. But what you do need
regardless of who you are, even if you don’t need a
tonne of extra space is to make sure that your files are adequately backed up and secured. Now, if you are using a Cloud
Sync app like Google One, then you do have some
measure of protection for at least hard drive
failure on one computer. So if I have all my files
just on this one computer, just on the hard drive, not synced to Google One
or anything like that, and this goes down the toilet, well, this probably won’t
fit down the toilet, but someone tries to
force it down the toilet or someone steals it, or
Loki comes out of a portal and cast a spell on it, he gives it legs and
runs away from me, right? I would lose all the files, because they’re only on this hard drive. But if they’re synced to the cloud, and all I lose when this
thing runs away from me and goes to frightened children
is the hardware itself. And this computer can
be replaced with money, but all those files,
they cannot be replaced. So at least with the Cloud Sync app, you have some of measure protection against hardware failure. But what you don’t have
protection against is people who are malicious. If someone goes in and like
hacks your Google account and deletes all those files, then you don’t have a whole
lot of protection against that. Now with Google One and
a lot of Cloud Sync apps, you can go back in time and
restore files out of the trash. But you usually have like a
30 day time limit on that. But again, somebody could go
in there and empty the trash. Or you could accidentally change a file and not realize it until a
month down the road and realize, oh, well, I needed the
old version of that file, and now it’s gone forever. So I think you should
have a backup strategy that extends beyond Cloud Sync. And there are a couple
of different options. So the option that I use personally, and the one that I
recommend for most people is to use a separate cloud backup app like Backblaze or CrashPlan. And I’m gonna use Backblaze here ’cause it’s the one that I use, but for about $5 a month
or 60 bucks a year, they will backup an unlimited amount of data on your computer
across any hard drive connected to it with the exception of anything like network attached storage. But the other thing is that provides some measure of redundancy. If something gets into your
Google Drive and messes with it, or someone deletes all those files, they’re also backed up and Backblaze. And for me, I wanna have my data in multiple different places. This is kind of a pain in the butt to do, but if there ever comes a time where one of those data silos goes down, you’re gonna be very happy
you took the precaution and had a backup. Now the other option, which I
think is a little less robust than good cloud backup, but it’s still useful is
to just get your hands on a small external hard
drive, plug it in once a month, and copy your data over to that one drive and then just keep it
unplugged from the computer, keep it stored somewhere
that’s secret and safe. And then actually remember to plug it back in once a
month and make that backup. And that brings us to the
final step in this process, which is to make use of shortcuts to more quickly access
the most used folders and files in your system. Because here’s the thing, when you have this beautifully
organized tree structure, sometimes you’re gonna have files that are six, seven, eight
levels deep from the root. And if you need to
access those files a lot, you’re gonna be clicking through eight different levels of folders, and that is not very efficient. But luckily computers allow you to create shortcuts or aliases. These are kind of interchangeable terms to access those files quickly. But even more efficient than
shortcuts, in my opinion, is the Quick Access and
Favorites areas of the Finder and Explore on both Mac and Windows. So on Windows, it’s called Quick Access, you can easily pin any folder
or file to it on the sidebar. And in Mac OS, it’s called Favorites, and it gives you the
exact same functionality. So if you see my explorer here, you’ll see that I am have
pinned many different folders that I access on a regular basis. Some are permanently there, but you’re also gonna see folders related to the individual video
that I’m working on at any given time. So right now you’re gonna see
172 Computer File Organization since that’s the video that
I’m currently working on. So, start using Quick Access,
start using Favorites, start creating shortcuts, and you’re gonna find yourself navigating your file tree much more quickly. And then as long as you
maintain the integrity of that file tree, as long
as you maintain vigilance when saving new files
and creating new folders, you’re never going to
lose another file again and you’re gonna be so
much better organized. Of course, the best way
to stay organized is to be very deliberate about
the projects that you take on, about the files that you
create in the first place, about the content that you consume. This is called being an essentialist. It involves being very in
tune with your priorities and your values in life. And if you wanna get better at doing this, I have a book recommendation for you. “Essentialism: The
Disciplined Pursuit of Less” by Greg McKeown is one of my absolute favorite
self improvement books, it’s one of the most useful that I have found in
my personal experience. And if you want to actually
listen to that book for free, you can do so by going
over to or by texting Thomas to
500-500 on your phone. Doing that will get
you a free 30 day trial of Audible service which comes with a free Audiobook download, which can be anything you want. But of course, I’m going to
recommend “Essentialism.” But it also comes with
two Audible originals you cannot get anywhere
else along with tonnes of audio workout, fitness,
yoga and meditation programs. And of course, Audible is the
best place on the internet to get your hands on audiobooks. They have an unmatched library
with all the best sellers, lots of obscure stuff and things from basically any genre
that you could want. And they also have an
excellently designed app with a lot of great features,
including Sleep Timer for you using it at night, the ability to add notes at specific timestamps within your book and easy controls for jumping
forwards or backwards, just in case you wanna fast forward or if you didn’t catch
something, you can easily go back and listen to it again. So once again, if you
wanna get a free trial of Audible service for 30 days that comes with a free Audiobook download, two Audible original that
you cannot get anywhere else, and all those audio workout
meditation programs, go over to and sign up, or text Thomas to 500-500 on your phone. Big thanks as always goes out Audible for sponsoring this video and being a big supporter of my channel. And thank you as well for watching. Hopefully you found this video helpful. Hopefully it was a great complement to that paper organization video which I’m gonna put right here
in case you didn’t see it. And of course, you can
always subscribe right there, if you haven’t done so already and you wanna get
notifications of new videos. Click right there to get a free copy of my book on how to earn better grades. Or if you haven’t seen my
latest collaboration video with my friend, Matt D’Avella, I’m gonna have that linked right here. So definitely check that out. Thanks again for watching and we’ll see you in the next video.

100 thoughts to “The Best Way to Organize Your Computer Files”

  1. Not sure if anyone has said this before, but if you're a student in college and they offer "free" Microsoft Office, you can get 1TB of storage while a student, just need to use your student email. It helps tremendously! I use that to sort my school files as well as having a copy in case I forget my USB or something. Good investment, I'd say. ๐ŸŽ

  2. ,What was the software used to draw the tree structure around 4: 40, i have temporary inbox folder where i dump stuff and delete over the weekend or shift.

  3. Starting a YouTube channel in 6th grade helped me learn so much about computer organization. My dad is also a computer engineer so that probably helped. But I'm in college now and I'm so surprised how messy people's desktops are.

  4. File naming tip: use the ISO 8601 standard for dates at the start of your files if they need some sort of timestamp.

    Example: "20190830 research statistics.xlsx"

  5. Look, maybe we can start with the basics. Like, how to make a folder, for example. Which I totally know how to do. Totally.

  6. I have been given a laptop by my elder brother relatively recently. Since then, I have not thought about cleaning up my desktop or hardware disks. Although I have always pursued neatness in every aspect of my life, my usual schedule does not require creating or downloading files. So yep I just shared my story for nothing.

  7. To be honest I just saw this to be satisfied, I do all of that except use the shortcut because I get to my folders quite quick but I do get agitated so thanks for the quick access tip. I do get annoyed for it to be filled with extra folders but O guess I'll have to learn to be okay with it.

  8. For my uncomplicated life have a few category files for current year like work, personal, creative, family, money(financial). Then have an 'Archive' sub folder system to hide old stuff by year or quarter. Search will find whatever I need. Complicated folder trees get too big, cumbersome and neglected.

  9. I lost a lot of pictures because of ransomware. It really broke my heart. Now I just put everything on G- drive.

  10. What do you think about encrypt your confidential data before upload their on gdrive? You didn't talk of this important aspect

  11. Lol just bought a new hard drive today and I was thinking about how to organize my data. Thanks for being so on time ๐Ÿ˜‚

  12. Why didn't you use the P.A.R.A method? I used it after you mentioned it in your newsletter and it works wonders. Everything makes sense, and is right where I feel like it should be. I've added a 0th Inbox folder, but it works!

  13. you should encrypt your data bevor syncing it with privacy invading companies… for example BoyCryptor ist very helpful and easy to use!

  14. What would you suggest on deleting files ? Like how you have your college study material , have you used any of it in all these years ? Isn't that space getting wasted

  15. I needed to set my root on the desktop. As much I love a clean desktop, my brain forgets what it doesn't see, so I constantly need to jolt my brain

  16. This video encouraged me to finally organize my many files in my Mac. Thank you Thomas just in time for back to school!

  17. A trick I use is that the computer doesn't distinguish between a shortcut and a folder. If you create a shortcut to a folder, you can drag items into that shortcut and that will transport it to the corresponding folder. I use this method to simulate the whole sorting tree in an easily copied file of interlinked shortcuts that I call my 'moving bin'. Within that moving bin, I can sort my files kind of like a filtering process, moving all the way down to the bottom in batches until all files are where they are supposed to be!

  18. Hey this is out of the topic. But do you know the effective ways to study subjects mostly for calculations and not theories

  19. ALLAN HOLDSWORTH! I knew I saw that name before rewinding a couple times!~ RIP, Allan! 2:05 — Hi, I co-founded Allan's official Facebook Group, URAH or 'The Unreal Allan Holdsworth" Group. Join it! I won't see you there, since I don't do any kind of social media anymore (not even YouTube, sorry, comments disabled!) but if you do, it's a stomping ground for over 10K authentic allan fans, as well as his family and bandmates… Nick Stefanikas is the cofounder

  20. ๐–Ž๐–ˆ๐–๐–Ž ๐–‹๐–†๐–—๐––๐–š๐–†๐–†๐–‰ says:

    I really appreciate your channel. Thanks for making good videos

  21. I use Hazel on my Mac: setup some rules and actions for those rules and let Hazel sort your files for you automatically.

  22. I use for my cloud storage. The reason im saying this is because I feel like its one of the safest and cheapest options! For 500 GB its 49 dollars A YEAR. so around 4 dollars a month! ๐Ÿ˜€ Just sayn. You should check it out imo ๐Ÿ˜€ Worth it

  23. Just wanted to mention that MEGA gives you 50GB of space for free. If anyone looking through the comments needs more than 15GB for free, MEGA is a way to go!

  24. 0:28 I been following your channel for maybe 6 months now and I've never seen this laptop before, didn't you say got a new Mac Book in one of your latest videos?

  25. With all of those other competitors you reference on the comparison screen, another good one to use is MEGASync. They give you 50GB of space when using the free version. you can upgrade from there if you need more space, and it's definitely worth it!

  26. Hey cool video. You are right we have to be more organized . I started my youtube Channel from scratch and had no idea to film. I made quick videos without a script. now i will try to do it better . Thank you

  27. Good video, but a very important step was left out – how to have a good process not only for organizing but also for deleting things you no longer need, since people have a tendency to keep stuff around โ€œjust in caseโ€, clustering their folders and their lives ๐Ÿ˜‰

  28. Thank you for this video! I love being organised and Iโ€™m always looking for new ways to store my files. A little tip for everyone: take the time while organising your files to clean your computer. A few weeks ago I started doing that and I have deleted more than 100 GB of stuff already ๐Ÿ™‚

  29. Naming your files with specific file names does help, when it comes to searching for a file, if you can't remember it's location.

  30. Building an organizational structure is a not an easy task, it is very dependent on how you are going to search for the data later, and what characteristics of these files you mote interested in.
    But I would like to know if there is a way to build more than one organizational structure for the files, like having two different interfaces each one represent the data from a different point of view.

    For example, I would really like to have two different interfaces to access a library of books once sorted by authors and the other by topics.

    Is there anyway to do that? Or a program that provides such functionality?

  31. That's how I've been organizing my files lately. I also have a folder called "deltemp" in which I only put things that I am sure I wouldn't mind if they got lost any time, like screenshots that I need once or software I've downloaded.

  32. Should the root folder have a file size limit? While using the file sync capabilities is smart, I'm telling you all from personal experience that cloud sync can error and screw a lot up. You should also have non cloud backups with robocopy.exe

  33. Good video but you don't call this a tree structure ahah don't act like its your name for it. That is what its called in the study of computer science. Its a very common theory for a multitude of things in technology.

  34. Bless, this is one of the few topics covered here that I actually don't suck at or neglect. Just having a bunch of random file on my desktop or download folder just bothers me…

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